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Ripple (XRP) Cryptocurrency – Ultimate Guide
- Ripple is a open payment network within which the XRP token is transferred. The unique advantage Ripple has over many competing cryptocurrencies is that it seeks to work with the current financial system as opposed to separately from it.
- The Ripple network solves problems in the traditional banking system such as slow transaction times (it can take up to five days to process certain payments). Banks also spend $1.6 trillion per year in interbank transaction fees whereas Ripple can do this at a fraction of the cost.
- XRP is the most centralised cryptocurrency. It is not an investment for people who believe in decentralization. 6o% of the total token supply is held by Ripple themselves and this means Ripple has massive control over the price of XRP. Ripple’s control over their network means they also have the power to freeze transactions and user funds.
- Ripple has got an impressive list of partners, including names such as American Express, Santander, Standard Chartered, UBS and many more.
- Right now, none of Ripple’s partners have committed to using the XRP token. It remains to be seen if banks and credit card processors will actually use XRP.
- The total maximum supply of XRP is 100 billion. This means that the value of the token is exceptionally unlikely to ever reach that of Bitcoin. If the token was worth $10 and the entire supply of XRP was circulating, this would result in a one trillion dollar market cap for XRP.
What Is Ripple?
The Ripple token is also known as XRP and it is transferred within Ripple’s open payment network. Ripple ultimately aims to create a worldwide network of financial institutions to lower the cost of transactions and increase the speed with which money flows around the globe. The network is also intended to act as a pool of liquidity for banks.
In addition, Ripple aims to provide a solution to two main problems plaguing current financial networks:
- Prohibitively high transaction fees seen on financial networks such as credit cards, bank transfers and e-wallets.
- To improve transaction speeds. Currently, bank transactions can take up to five days whereas on the Ripple network these transactions take a maximum of 3 seconds.
Ripple is intended to be used by the likes of bank payment providers, corporates and exchanges to save them money. This is unlike cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, which were intended for use by the people.
Across the globe we are transacting over 155 trillion dollars per year and there is little doubt that the current payment infrastructure needs to be updated. Ripple is attempting to be the badly needed update of the global payment infrastructure.
Partnerships with Traditional Businesses
The Ripple network has huge potential to cut transaction costs for banks, credit card companies and e-wallet companies to save them $100’s of millions per year. Ripple offers an undeniably drastic improvement in transaction speeds of up to 3 seconds compared the 5 days it can currently take using traditional banking.
XRP faces two main problems:
- Persuading huge companies like Santander and American Express to ditch fiat currency and embrace the XRP token. If XRP is never adopted, then it has no value.
- At TotalCrypto we have reached out to our contacts in the world’s largest financial institutions and the hitch is that financial behemoths are universally slow to embrace change. Large, multi-national corporations are not incentivised to upgrade systems. Why would a board member take on the massive risk of spearheading the adoption of new tech, particularly when the status quo lets them charge the big, fat fees that fund their bonuses? The long term benefits of technology adaptation for the customer seem to be being sacrificed for short term stability and profit margins for the corporations.
Can these huge corporations really be so outdated? The answer is yes. For example, have you ever wondered why when opening a bank account, you will be asked for the same details (like your address) multiple times? It is because banks do not have one centralised system to keep track of clients and accounts. Instead, once the current system is is found to have a deficiency, it is cheaper for these guys to just bolt on a fix even at the expense of having a more cumbersome system .
In our heavily centralised world, maybe Ripple’s heavy centralisation does make it more likely to be adopted by large financial companies. Much as we would like to see this technology embraced, at TC we suspect the adoption of XRP will take longer than many expect. Ultimately, there is too much money to be saved by financial institutions to ignore XRP indefinitely. Whether these institutions then pass on savings to the customer or simply increase their profits is another matter.
How Does Ripple Fit In The Financial System?
Ripple provides a massive opportunity to completely upgrade the global transaction infrastructure.
Unlike many other start-ups, Ripple is not just a great idea with no product backing up it’s valuation. They do have a working product and a roster of over 100 partners in the financial industry. Partners such as American Express are household names and have huge global footprints. Just one adoption from a partner of this size would likely result in additional partnerships for Ripple.
The Ripple transaction protocol (formerly known as RippleNet) makes it cheaper and faster for any company that moves large amounts of money across borders. Pretty much any company listed on the stock market could potentially benefit from adoption. This does illustrate the size of the market that Ripple is trying to get a slice of.
The Ripple network also acts as a currency exchange between all forms of fiat. For the exchange to work, there needs to be liquidity and this is the use case for the XRP token. The XRP token is used as the intermediary value that is transacted between financial institutions on the network. These tokens then can be converted back into whatever currency that institution wants. The XRP can be either held or used for other cross border payments e.g. paying a supplier.
Unfortunately, it is unlikely that the average Joe is going to see much upside from the adoption of Ripple. The infrastructure is geared towards large institutions and we somewhat doubt that you personally will be able to get fast and super low fee transactions. However, if the Ripple project is a success then it will completely disrupt how cross border payments are done.
Is Ripple Centralised?
What on earth does centralisation mean and why should you care?
Firstly, centralisation is defined as:
“the concentration of control of an activity or organization under a single authority.”
In the cryptocurrency community, centralisation is commonly seen as a bad thing. Why? Because with control comes power. As Lord Acton once put it “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”. Can a person or institution holding power be trusted to be fair and not abuse a power to serve their own agenda?
There are 100 billion maximum XRP in the supply chain but only 39 billion are circulating. This means Ripple Labs are holding the remaining 61 billion XRP. It is safe to say that Ripple have significant control over the XRP token with their massive holdings. The main fear from crypto enthusiasts is the potential for Ripple to sell all 61 billion of its XRP tokens at the same time. It could certainly crash the market and hurt everyone invested in the token.
Saying that, Ripple Labs have taken steps to build trust in the community. They announced in May 2020 that 55 billion XRP would be placed in escrow. This means that “investors can now mathematically verify the maximum supply of XRP that can enter the market”. We see this increase in certainty as a very good thing for XRP investors.
Is XRP A Good Buy?
Only you can make the decision weather to invest in XRP or not. We can give you our thoughts though:
Pros: Unlike some other cryptocurrencies we think that XRP does tick the following boxes:
- Compelling use case that helps solve a real world problem.
- Working product.
- Multiple big partnerships.
- The company has real revenues.
- XRP is intended to work with the current players in the financial system. So it’s unlikely that many financial institutions have any real incentive to kill off Ripple.
Cons: However, there are concerns with XRP as an investment. Such as:
- If the XRP token will actually be widely adopted by financial institutions.
- The 61 billion XRP tokens that are still be be released into the circulating supply, doubling it.
- Ripple is still significantly more centralised than other cryptocurrencies. It all depends if you think this is a good thing for such a project and the objectives it has.
Ripple has some serious backers from the non crypto world such as: Google Ventures, Accenture, Santander InnoVentures, Andreessen Horowitz and more.
The backing of large companies like these will be critical to realising Ripple’s vision and, encouragingly, these backers are financially invested and motivated to see the Ripple project succeed. We really like this as an additional investment case.
How To Buy Ripple?
We’ve put together this comprehensive guide on how to buy XRP using a different number of methods and exchanges.
In the cryptocurrency space we think there are few viable projects that can actually challenge the old financial system. Ripple appears to be a legitimate competitor and has the potential to completely disrupt cross border transactions.
Ripple has created the technology for financial institutions to enjoy significant cost savings and efficiencies. This explains the 100+ partnerships they enjoy with the likes of American Express and the strategic investment from companies like Google Ventures. It remains to be seen if the XRP token will actually be used by the old financial guard. Only time will tell.
If you invest in XRP it really does not have a real use case for the everyday person. The intended function is geared towards large financial institutions. However, XRP does give cryptocurrency investors the opportunity to profit if XRP is adopted as the new global payment infrastructure. Whether this will or is likely to happen is up to you to decide.
2) Want To Use The Most Popular XRP Wallet? Our Step by Step Toast Wallet Guide Shows You How.
3) Our Extensive Guide Showing You How To Buy Ripple (XRP).
4) How Are Cryptocurrencies Like Ripple Kickstarting A Financial Revolution? Find Out How XRP Is Making Waves In The Banking Sector.
5) Looking For The Best Ripple Wallet In The World? We Put The Top Six Ripple Wallets Head-To-Head.
Below we’ve listed some key resources relevant to XRP.
? Safest XRP Wallets
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Ripple (XRP) Guide: Live XRP/USD Price and 2020 Coin Outlook
Live XRP Price: Real-Time Ripple Coin USD Exchange Rate Value
Ripple is one of the biggest companies in the crypto ecosystem, their XRP coin is the token you love to hate.
Ripple, ran by Ripple Labs (originally Opencoin), is a platform and a currency. It is made up of a blockchainless payment protocol designed as a day to day low commission exchange network using the company’s patented-technology, the Ripple protocol consensus algorithm (RPCA). The Ripple payment protocol hopes to be adopted and integrated into the existing banks of today to faciliate fast international transactions worldwide by providing a frictionlesss cross-border remittance service to help send money globally.
From founders Chris Larsen and Jed McCaleb to current CEO Brad Garlinghouse, this review of the Ripple company and XRP cryptocurrency is going to be a deep dive on how the coveted XRP coin (currently ranked #3 in total market cap) is used to represent and transfer value on the Ripple Network.
As the Ripple (XRP) user base continues to grow with bullish price predictions , let’s review ‘the other crypto’.
What is Ripple and How XRP Works
In its most basic sense, Ripple can be thought of like a real-time gross settlement system which, along with its associated cryptocurrency ‘XRP’, has been designed to make monetary transactions more streamlined and hassle free for its users. The project was launched back in 2020 as a means of providing the global finance community with an all-in-one payment processing and remittance ecosystem that could be used by several different entities such as:
- 300 financial/banking institutions (in 40 countries and 6 continents)
- Business owners
As per the project’s whitepaper, Ripple seeks to replace the global payment infrastructure that is currently being utilized across the globe with a system that is not only ‘decentralized’ but also open source-based and easily accessible to people irrespective of their financial background. In addition to this, using its native token creation system the platform allows its users to devise their very own crypto and fiat currencies. As a result of these features, Ripple has been adopted by several different banking outfits as well as financial organizations because of its RippleNet growth towards being instant, reliable and cheap costs.
As the Ripple and XRP era continue, the RippleNet advantages of having speed, certainty, liquidity management and transparency are putting both the company and crypto coin in a unique position given the thousands of cryptoassets in the market today.
Reviewing Ripple’s Origins: The Who, What and When
As some of our regular readers may be aware of, work on the Ripple project began back in 2004 when developers Jed McCaleb, Arthur Britto, and David Schwartz became inspired by a decentralized payment system called RipplePay.com that was devised by a Canadian web dev named Ryan Fugger. However, McCaleb’s idea was to make use of blockchain technology in order to make the aforementioned system more transparent as well as eliminate many of the inefficiencies associated with the Bitcoin ecosystem (such as excessive power consumption, poor tx speeds and centralization) – (which would later turn into Stellar Lumens (XLM)).
In this regard, it also bears mentioning that quite unlike Bitcoin, all XRP based transactions are verified through the use of a community-wide consensus vote instead of users having to rely on miners to greenlight their transactions.
In 2020, Ripple’s core dev team welcomed Chris Larsen who then requested Fugger to provide his team with the required permission to continue work on RipplePay.com and transform the platform into a full-fledged cryptocurrency and monetary system. These developments helped spur the creation of OpenCoin — an organization that would later be re-christened as Ripple Labs.
Around this time, Larsen and co also started to devote a lot of time towards the creation of what we now know as the Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTO), a system that allows users to facilitate instant transfers irrespective of their physical locations. To be a bit more specific, the protocol is compatible with a number of digital currencies as well as other asset mediums. The team programmed the RTPs core framework in such a way that it only relied on a central ledger that would be administered by several different servers continuously for transaction verification purposes.
Additionally, to help in the faster processing of individual transactions, the team behind Ripple devised a cryptocurrency called the XRP that was designed to help users move their funds around in a highly streamlined manner. If that wasn’t enough, Ripple also linked Bitcoin to its native state, thereby allowing crypto enthusiasts to use the platform to send payments directly into any BTC wallet of their choice.
All of this would essentially form into today’s RippleNet, which is Ripple’s global payments network. Here is how it works:
During the first half of 2020, Ripple Labs announced the release of its platform’s reference server and client as open source software, thereby allowing independent developers to contribute towards Ripple’s ensured future progress. Not only that, by the beginning of 2020, Ripple’s core dev team had already started to shift its focus on the banking sector, to try and replace the existing, outmoded systems that many banks are still making use of till this very day to facilitate their day-to-day transactions. In this regard, just a few months later, Munich-based Fidor Bank became the first mainstream financial entity to adopt the Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTP). This news was soon followed by the word that New Jersey-based Cross River Bank and Kansas-based CBW Bank had also followed suit.
By the end of 2020, Ripple, who wants to become the world’s most relitable global payments network, had announced several notable partnerships with big-name players such as Western Union, the Commonwealth Bank of Australia, the Royal Bank of Canada and Earthport, a global payment service that is affiliated with companies like the Bank of America and HSBC. However, the following year, Ripple Labs was fined a total of $700,000 by the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) because of certain violations related to the Bank Secrecy Act. As a result of the penalty, the folks over at Ripple swiftly proceeded to add several AML monitoring modules to their protocol to make it fully compliant with existing U.S. finance laws.
Over the last 2-3 years, Ripple Labs has grown quite exponentially, with the organization’s offices now present in a number of different countries such as Australia, the United Kingdom, and Luxembourg.
Here is a curated image of all of the Ripple Labs investors from 2020 to 2020:
Key Points Worth Bearing in Mind
When talking about the Ripple ecosystem, native transactions only occur when users facilitate cryptographically signed transactions via XRP or a unique fiat currency of their choice. In this regard, it should be pointed out that all XRP digital asset transactions are monitored using Ripple’s internal ledger system, the XRP Ledger.
XRP is an open-source, decentralized digital asset built for payments
official Ripple.com website
Ever since Ripple’s cross-border tx framework was employed by several banks around the world, more and more people have begun to view crypto-enabled technologies with a more open mind.
Owing to Ripple’s ever-increasing adoption across a wide array of mainstream financial domains, a large number of investors and traders are now beginning to trust the platform. And while we are on the noteworthy topics of interest in the Ripple ecosystem, let’s stick this statement in there as it is one of the bigger macro-talking points about the Ripple vs XRP debate which we will review below.
Ripple and Mining
Unlike other popular cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum and Monero, XRP cannot be mined. This is because while BTC and other similar digital assets make use of miners to process their native transactions, transfers associated with Ripple are facilitated through the use of a system-wide user consensus framework (which essentially renders the concept of mining useless).
Additionally, it should also be pointed out that upon its inception, Ripple’s core design team only created a total of 100,000,000,000 XRP — a figure that has not wavered since, despite continued community complaints regarding the same. Also, it bears mentioning that upon XRPs release, a number of people criticized how the currency was being distributed, with the founders retaining 20 percent of all XRP tokens.
Lastly, because of its “zero mining potential,” a number of crypto enthusiasts have called out the digital currency for being too centralized. Not only that, but the aforementioned fact has also limited the overall use and growth of the project in some ways.
What Distinguishes XRP from Other Premier Cryptocurrencies?
Unlike Bitcoin, Ripple comes backed by a full-fledged monetary ecosystem that can be utilized for a wide array of purposes. Similarly, when compared with Ethereum (a platform that is designed primarily for computing purposes) Ripple deals exclusively with financial functions such as remittances, cross-border txs etc. This is the very reason why Ethereum, EOS, Bitcoin have not been adopted by banking institutions — since they lack the basic infrastructure needed to process voluminous monetary transfers.
What is the Ripple Transaction Protocol and who controls it?
The Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTP) is a digital framework through which all of Ripple’s monetary processes take place. This is in stark contrast to other cryptocurrencies that make use of a blockchain consensus algorithm to facilitate/process their transactions.
While we are on the subject, it would also be useful for our readers to understand that all transactions taking place within the Ripple ecosystem require a certain level of pre-existing trust in order to proceed. What this means is that if two users have not established a trust relationship already, the tx in question will stay in limbo until a linear path involving all of the associated parties is established. The aforementioned concept has been borrowed from Islamic banking principles wherein all exchange of money is done through the use of mutual trust relationships instead of charging the other person an interest rate.
Now, talking about who controls Ripple, a quick look at the project’s core infrastructure we can see that the project is far more centralized when compared to a host of other cryptocurrencies. This is because Ripple Labs still maintains a leading role when it comes to the development of XRP. Not only that, the organization also owns a major share of all XRP that is currently in circulation today.
XRP: An in-depth Ripple Cryptocurrency Coin Look
In its most basic sense, XRP can be viewed as the cryptocurrency that powers the Ripple ecosystem. In this regard, a perfect analogous comparison would be that of Ether and Ethereum platform.
In terms of XRP’s value, the currency’s price is determined simply by how many people (at any given point in time) find the asset useful. Also, due to Ripple’s amazing utility as a financial services platform, a number of established banks have started to adopt the technology to enhance their overall tx efficiency. This has helped spur the price of XRP and has given it the market strength that very few other digital currencies currently enjoy.
As mentioned previously, back when Ripple was first launched, the project’s core dev team created a total of 100,000,000,000 XRP that were meant to be used for all transaction related purposes. Also, unlike other cryptocurrencies, XRP is unmineable, but its total circulation supply can be increased — however, there are no plans to do such a thing anytime soon.
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From an acquisition standpoint, we can see that quite like most of the other cryptocurrencies in the market today, XRP too can be purchased from a number of different exchanges and trading platforms with the touch of a button. Similarly, storing XRP is also quite straightforward and can be done using a number of different wallet solutions.
What Advantages Does Ripple Offer?
Mainstream Adoption: Ripple is currently backed by a whole host of mainstream financial institutions and payment providers including HSBC, Western Union, CBA and the Royal Bank of Canada. This puts Ripple in a unique position of mainstream acceptance that a few other digital currencies currently enjoy.
Regulatory Green Light and Versatility: From the very beginning, Ripple has laid great importance on establishing its core framework in line with the regulatory requirements of various finance agencies across the globe. To better understand the scenario, we can see that Ripple can be used to generate custom tokens while the XRP can be traded against a host of digital commodities such as frequent flyer miles, cell phone minutes etc.
Low Tx Costs: When compared to many of its associated crypto offerings, Ripple possesses a host of niche’ advantages (such as low transaction fees, payment freedom, and global availability) that make it unique. Not only that, but XRP is also one of the fastest digital assets on the market today (which is also the reason why the currency has been adopted by so many banking institutions.)
The XRP Coin Downsides
Finite Supply: One of Ripple’s biggest issues is its finite supply — which is currently capped at the 100,000,000,000 mark. And despite the project’s core backing community repeatedly calling for the currency’s supply to be increased, Ripple’s dev team has time and again refused to create more XRP — something that has lead to the creation of certain deflationary/supply related problems with the project.
Centralization: As mentioned before, a whopping 20% of XRP’s total supply belongs to Ripple’s founders. On top of that, Ripple cannot be mined, an aspect that is considered to be one of the biggest drawbacks of the premier asset.
Past Troubles: In the past, Ripple Labs has faced legal action from regulatory authorities such as the FINCEN. For example, it should be pointed out that in 2020, the government agency fined Ripple Labs a whopping sum of $700,000 for violating the Bank Secrecy Act. Similarly, Ripple was also sued last year for alleged fraud concerning an ICO scheme.
Lack of Transparency: A major issue with Ripple is that XRP transactions can be frozen by the system. An example of this is when a couple of years back, co-founder Jed McCaleb tried to liquidate $1 million worth of his XRP holdings — an action that was halted by a third party entity. This episode not only left a bad impression on the global crypto community (regarding XRPs overall utility) but also resulted in many people arguing that the idea of a transaction being halted by a third party entity runs counter to the very foundation of what blockchain tech and crypto stand for.
How Does Ripple Work?
As Ripple’s widespread popularity has continued to surge, more and more institutions are beginning to employ XRP as a mediator in their fiat currency exchanges. This is because a whole host of different financial assets cannot be swapped in exchange for each other directly. Instead, they need to be traded through the use of the US dollar — which serves as an intermediary swap facilitator. In this regard, Ripple fulfills the same function, but at a processing cost, that is substantially lower than a USD-based tx.
Additionally, as mentioned in an earlier section, Ripple is now also being used by many international banks to speed up their cross border transactions. To elaborate on the matter, we can see that Ripple currently boasts of a TPS rate of four seconds per transaction. This figure is not only much higher when compared to other similar digital currencies, but it is also much faster when compared with the tx capacity of various traditional banking systems.
Lastly, Ripple’s ecosystem has been designed in a way that allows users to devise their very own custom tokens that are backed by XRP.
Safety: Is using XRP really Secure?
Straight out the door, it needs to be made clear that any monetary system that relies on a computer or other digital platform can never be 100 percent safe. However, in regards to Ripple, we can see that the technology makes use of a number of protocols that make it extremely secure — so much so that many banks have decided to forego the use of their natve tx systems in favor of Ripple’s blockchain tx platform.
Also, from the very beginning, it has been quite obvious to the global crypto community that Ripple is designed primarily to work within the confines of today’s existing financial laws — which basically means that the platform conforms to the same regulations that conventional banks and payment providers have to adhere to.
Lastly, over the past 4-5 years, a number of digital currency enthusiasts have slighted Ripple for being too centralized. This has given birth to many fears that the project might, in fact, be just another elaborate ponzi scheme or scam. However, since Ripple has adhered to various mainsteram financial regulations from day one, this narrative has failed to gather any sort of real momentum.
Ripple vs Bitcoin
A question that many budding crypto investors and tech enthusiasts seem to often as is, “If Ripple is so much more advanced than BTC, how come its use is still quite limited when compared to the flagship cryptocoin?”. The simple answer is that Bitcoin and XRP serve two completely different functions. For example, BTC is meant to serve as an SOV that can also be used for financial transactions. However, Ripple is more of a consolidated financial services platform that makes tx’s faster, streamlined and secure for its users. With that being said, Bitcoin’s simplicity is what makes it more appealing to many investors over other premier digital assets such as ETH, EOS, ADA and XRP.
From an adoption standpoint, Ripple faces quite a battle because many vendors still prefer to make use of BTC due to its market reputation and overall ease of use.
As things stand, the number of merchants making use of BTC far outweighs those using XRP.
How is XRP as an Investment Vehicle?
While many people continue to stock up on BTC and ETH because they think these assets will continue to multiply in value as we move into the future, the question of whether XRP can be used for similar purposes is also gaining a lot of momentum in recent years.
While XRP does not guarantee any profits, the fact that its parent platform (Ripple) is becoming increasingly popular amongst a whole host of mainstream financial institutions, puts the currency in a unique position of profitability than other crypto coins don’t currently enjoy.
Plus, thanks to the overall versatility of the Ripple network, more and more companies are finding new ways in which to make use of the technology. This has propelled XRP into the realm of the world’s most traded cryptocurrencies.
Current Ripple Company Partnerships
In this section, we will look at a detailed list of all the financial institutions that are currently a part of RippleNET — a diverse ecosystem comprising of central/private banks, remittance firms, brokerages and payments providers that make use of one or more of Ripple’s remittance systems (i.e. xRapid, xCurrent, and xVia). These platforms have been tested quite thoroughly and many independent researchers have found that they are demonstrably better than the SWIFT protocol in terms of:
- Transaction times
- Processing fees
- Uncertainty in transaction execution
For those of our readers who may not be aware of what SWIFT is, it can be thought of as a messaging network that is currently being used by a wide array of banks/financial institutions to send and receive information (as well as money) from each other.
Also, it bears mentioning that all of the entities that are currently a part of RippleNET can make use of the network to facilitate their intl. transactions in a highly streamlined manner.
In regards to some of the banks that are currently making use of Ripple’s various cross-border services include established players such as Standard Chartered, RBC, SBI, Axis and RakBank of UAE is up and running. Additionally, a number of corporate giants (such as Accenture, Deloitte, Santander, UBS, UniCredit) too are utilizing Ripple’s framework to make their internal transactions smoother and more hassle-free.
Provided below is a detailed list of all the banks that have signed a partnership/agreement with Ripple:
(i) North America and Canada:
- American Express
- Standard Chartered
- Bank of America Merrill Lynch
- PNC Financial Services
- Catalyst Corporate Federal Credit Union
- Star One Credit Union
- CBW Bank
- Cross River Bank
- Royal Bank of Canada
- DH Corporation
- Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
- Bank of Montreal
- ATB Financial
- TD Bank Canada
(ii) The United Kingdom, Spain, France, Germany and other smaller European Nations:
- Euro Exim Bank
- Bank of England (Central bank)
- Royal Bank of Scotland
- Credit Agricole
- Banco Santander
- Banca Intesa Sanpaolo
- Reise Bank
- Fidor Bank
- Erste Group AG
- Credit Suisse
- Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB
(iii) Middle East — Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia,
- Bank Leumi Le-Israel
- National Bank of Kuwait
- Kuwait Finance House
- Bank Dhofar
- Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (Central bank)
- First Bank of Abu Dhabi
- Al Rajhi Bank
(iv) Asia — Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Japan and S.Korea
- DBS Group
- OCBC Bank
- United Overseas Bank
- Singapore Exchange
- Bank of Thailand (Central bank)
- Bank of Indonesia (Central bank)
- Siam Commercial Bank
- Cargills Bank
- Kotak Mahindra Bank
- IndusInd Bank
- Axis Bank
- Yes Bank
- Faysal Bank
- Shanghai Huarui Bank
- Woori Bank
- SBI Holdings
- Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group
- Fukui Bank
- Star Bank
- Aomori Bank
- Ashikaga Bank
- Awa Bank
- AEON Bank
- Senshu Ikeda Bank
- Iyo Bank
- Oita Bank
- Orix Bank
- Gumma Bank
- Keiyo Bank
- San-In Godo Bank
- Sikoku Bank
- 77 Bank
- Shimizu Bank
- Juroku Bank
- Shinkin Central Bank
- Shinsei Bank
- Hachijuni Bank
- Bank of Yokohama
- SBI Sumishin Net Bank
(v) Australia and New Zealand
- Commonwealth Bank of Australia
- Macquarie Group
- National Australia Bank
Now that we have listed out a majority of the banks that are currently making use of RippleNET, let’s take a look at some of the mainstream payment/remittance providers that too have ported their existing systems onto one of Ripple’s cross-border payment platforms. Some of the key names include:
- American Express FX International Payments
- Zip Remit
- Itau Unibanco
- Western Union
- UAE Exchange
- SBI Remit
- Mercury FX
- Cambridge Global Payments
- Davis + Henderson (D+H)
- LianLian Pay
- TAS Group
Ripple: A Brief Timeline of the XRP Coin
While not a lot is known about how Arthur Britto, Jed McCaleb, and David Schwartz came together, it is a well documented fact that the aforementioned individuals came across each other sometime during the spring of 2020. Over the course of the year, this small group continues to work on the development of XRPs basic ledger framework.
2020 (August) — Larsen joins the crew
During August 2020, McCalen, Britto and Schwartz are joined by a famous developer and blockchain enthusiast by the name of Chris Larsen, who had previously worked for a number of successful fintech projects such as E-Loan and Prosper.
2020 (October) — Fugger gives permission
A couple of months after Larsen joins Ripple (not known by that name at the time), the team approaches Ryan Fugger — creator of the original RipplePay website back in 2004 — to continue dev work on his brainchild. Fugger agrees to support the new project and thus spurs the creation of a new firm called OpenCoin.
2020 (February) — Promotions commence
During the latter half of February 2020, OpenCoin starts to advertise itself on Bitcointalk.org (a popular crypto web portal). The promotion campaign goes on for a few months, with the terms of the deal being quite simple — all new sign ups receive 1,000 XRP.
2020 (March – May) — Funding and growth
During the first half of 2020, Ripple continues to make waves across the world. This is because during a period of 2-3 months, the firm is able to raise a substantial sum of money from a number of established angel investors such as:
- Pantera Capital
- Andreessen Horowitz
- Lightspeed Venture Partners
- FF Angel LLC
- Vast Ventures
- Bitcoin Opportunity Fund
- IDG Capital Partners
Additionally, it should also be pointed out that during the funding period of Ripple’s early operations, Ripple Labs essentially gave out a certain percentage of ownership of the company to various investors who had shown trust in the project.
2020 (Q3) — OpenCoin changes its name officially
As part of the Money 2020 Expo 2020, representatives for OpenCoin announce that their firm is officially changing its name from OpenCoin to Ripple Labs. The move, in hindsight, proves to be an amazing PR decision, since the term Ripple has now become synonymous with the crypto industry.
2020 (November) — New collaboration announced
During the last week of November, Ripple Labs decides to collaborate with Georgia Tech’s Computing for Good (C4G) initiative.
2020 (January-March) — XRP daily tx volume continues to increase
During the first half of 2020, XRP’s transaction throughput continues to increase, with many exchanges reporting the currency’s daily tx volume to be around the $40 million mark.
2020 (October-November) — Popularity surge continues
Owing to Ripple’s amazing tech capabilities, the platform continues to become increasingly popular all over the globe. Not only that, many developers start to take notice of the project and promote its potential within the global finance sector. In a similar vein, during the latter half of November, Ripple starts to pitch its technology to various banking institutions and remittance providers.
2020 (March) — A controversy erupts
In a sudden turn of events, Ripple Labs restricts Jed McCaleb (one of the co-founders of Ripple) from selling his personal XRP holdings. In all, it is reported that Jed tried to offload a total of 100 million XRP to an unidentified individual for a sizeable sum of $1 million.
To stop the sale from going through, Bitstamp chooses to freeze it’s USD tokens in Jed’s wallet.
2020 (April) — Expansion continues
Owing to Ripple’s ever-increasing popularity, the project continues to expand its operations and set up new offices in locations all over the globe. In April, Ripple Labs opens a new research center in Sydney, Australia to boost its R&D efforts in a big way.
2020 (September) — The rise of XRPChat and downfall of XRPTalk
Within a single month, XRPTalk — an independent platform that provided Ripple enthusiasts with an avenue to come together and debate/discuss XRP-related news (without the negativity that pervaded Bitcointalk.org) — shuts down. The project is the brainchild of an individual referred to as Hurukan. By the end of the month, the forum is no longer online and a new project called XRPChat starts to gain traction amongst the global crypto community. Quite similar to its predecessor, XRPChat also provides its users with a forum to discuss a wide array of matters related to Ripple, XRP and the Interledger Protocol.
2020 (January) — Garlinghouse takes over
During the second week of January, Ripple formally introduces Brad Garlinghouse as its new CEO. Garlinghouse was formerly the CEO and Chairman of Hightail and had also previously held high-ranking positions at a number of other different firms such as AOL (President of Consumer Applications) and Yahoo (Senior Vice President).
2020 (February) — McCaleb lawsuit gets settled
After months of the lawsuit staying in limbo, Jed McCaleb and Ripple Labs finally come to an agreement wherein Jed agrees to a host of resale conditions related to his personal XRP holdings.
2020 (March-July) — Expansion continues
Ripple’s clout continues to increase globally, with the firm opening a string of European offices in premier cities such as London (March) and Luxembourg (June). Following this period, there is also a significant increase in the daily trade volume of XRP.
2020 (September) — New investors continue to flock towards Ripple
By the end of September, Ripple’s technological offerings continue to lure in more and more high profile investors. Some big-names include Standard Charter, Accenture, SCB Digital Ventures, SBI Holdings, Santander Innoventures, CME Group, and Seagate Technologies.
2020 (November) — Tiffany Hayden makes her presence felt
Sometime during mid-November, Tiffany Hayden, the CEO of XRP, is named as one of the most influential leaders within the blockchain industry by a respected media outlet. This helps boost the company’s market profile and further increases consumer interest in Ripple/XRP.
2020 (March-April) — New features added
Between March and April, Ripple’s development team announces the addition of two new features to its existing financial ecosystem — namely, Escrow and Payment Channels. These features help in increasing the general performance and scalability of The Ripple Consensus Ledger (RCL). Not only that, they also allow companies to adopt the RCL as well as the Interledger Protocol (ILP) with much more ease.
Around the same time, Ripple released a blog post announcing its decision to sign partnerships with a total of 10 new banks. Some big names in this regard include:
- BBVA in Spain
- MUFG in Japan
- Akbank in Turkey
- SEB in Sweden
- Axis Bank and Yes Bank in India
2020 (May-July) — XRP trading pairs included on Kraken
During May, Kraken — one of the top cryptocurrency exchange platforms in the world at the time — announces its decision to add a total of four different XRP trading pairs (RP/EUR, XRP/JPY, XRP/USD, and XRP/CAD) to its native tx interface.
2020 (September) — Lawsuit brought forth against Ripple by R3
A few days into September, R3 LLC, an enterprise blockchain technology company, sues Ripple in relation to a specific legal agreement where the firm had agreed to sell up to 5 billion XRP for a certain price. In return, Ripple countersues R3 stating that the company had reneged on a number of contractual promises, and the lawsuit was a ploy to cash in on XRPs increasing monetary success. In the end, a Delaware judge provides a ruling that sides with Ripple’s version of the story.
2020 – present
During the first week of January 2020, the price of XRP hit its all-time high, with single token trading for a whopping sum of $3. However, in subsequent months, the asset witnesses a gradual decline, with the currency closing out the year at a dismal price point of $0.37. In a similar vein, it bears mentioning that XRP’s performance all through 2020 remains quite disappointing. For example, over the last 9 months, the digital asset has continued to slide — with its value decreasing by a further 15% during the aforementioned period.
Lastly, it bears mentioning that during mid-2020, a class-action lawsuit is filed against Ripple in which the claimant alleges that the firm has propagated the use of a scam that allowed it to “raise hundreds of millions of dollars through unregistered sales of its XRP tokens.” The case is still in court and will hopefully find resolution soon.
Next, let’s move on to our last two main ripple review points in covering the misconceptions between Ripple vs XRP differences, being the company and the coin, and finally the promising predictions and exciting expectations coming from Ripple for XRP.
Ripple (Company), XRP (Coin) and Their Relationship
Ripple and XRP have generally created misunderstandings across the cryptocurrency community. Can we use them interchangeably? Is XRP the same as Ripple? Is XRP a security? These are concepts that yet generate some doubts to crypto investors and users. Nevertheless, in a recent article released by Thomas Silkjaer in Forbes, he provides a clear answer to 14 common misunderstandings about Ripple and XRP.
To expand on above, let’s review the differences between Ripple and XRP and attempt to clear up any misconceptions floating around the XRP army community.
Ripple is a company that aims at improving cross-border transactions with products and services that it has developed. In general, banks and financial institutions have very costly services for sending funds abroad as the global remittance industry for international cross-border payments is north of $1 trillion annually. They are not only expensive for users but they are also inefficient because they take a long time to be settled.
The Most Common Mistakes About XRP and Ripple
Ripple has developed two main cross-border products: xCurrent and also xRapid (which is now On-Demand Liquidity (ODL). Until now, the most adopted product has been xCurrent, since xRapid was launched at the end of 2020. xCurrent is a settlement system that allows participants to send messages, clear and settle transactions.
The services provided by this product are so efficient that they are competing against the current solutions provided by SWIFT, the market leader. SWIFT’s system allows companies and firms to settle payments in a few days.
If settling transactions using xCurrent is fast and less expensive, why to use the digital asset XRP? The solution that the author of the article provides is that everything can be performed faster and in a cheaper way.
Using the xCurrent soluton, if banks have nostro/vostro arrangements, Ripple is able to change the balances on both accounts in a few seconds. Due to the fact that xCurrent is built using the Interledger protocol, it is possible to use FX rates in real time.
About it, Ripple Insights explains:
“The cost and complexity of holding these (nostro/vostro) accounts around the world is one reason why only a handful of banks can process global transactions. The burden of maintaining nostro accounts worldwide is simply unsustainable for most organizations.”
With xRapid it is possible to eliminate the need to use these accounts. xRapid sources liquidity on-demand allowing institutions to purchase XRP for Fiat, make a transaction, and sell the XRP for fiat once again. This can be processed in just a few seconds.
Thus, the first point that Silkjaer makes is that XRP is not needed to process transactions, but it can be used by firms if they want to reduce costs even further.
The second misunderstanding that he talks about is related to XRP volatility and how banks could be affected by it. XRP is clearly volatile. This is how virtual currencies work. They can fluctuate in just a few hours. That means that banks are exposed to these exchange rate fluctuations for a long period of time.
Nevertheless, there is no need for institutions to hold the XRP cryptocurrency. At the same time, the xRapid product works in a very fast way. Institutions purchase the asset, make the transfer, and sell the XRP in a few seconds. A transaction could take just 4 seconds to be confirmed by the network. This is much less than the 10 minutes that are necessary for Bitcoin (BTC) to be settled.
In general, handling fiat currencies for long periods of time is related to volatility. The Euro just dropped almost 1.2% against the US dollar in just a few minutes on March 7. In just a year the Euro dropped 10% compared to the US dollar.
In sum, it is not necessary for parties using XRP to hold the digital currency. They only have to handle them for a few seconds. Instead, using fiat currencies in nostro/vostro accounts, the fluctuation rates for longer periods of time could have a larger effect on the institution.
Stablecoins could also play an important role in helping companies process cross-border transactions. As they are linked to a fiat currency and their value fluctuates very little in comparison to XRP, they might be a good choice in some situations.
However, handling stablecoins is not the same as moving value across borders. Bitcoin, Litecoin (LTC) or XRP there is no promise of value. They are valuable assets per se. Meanwhile, stablecoins are just a promise of value in the future.
Stablecoins can be easily moved and provide stability, but their value ultimately depends on the funds behind them. Thus, the stablecoin is as volatile as the currency it is pegged to and it is issued by a third party that has the necessary fiat to back them all.
Using XRP of other virtual currency that is based in a decentralized blockchain network does not require firms to trust other institutions. The whole network works by itself and if a transaction is processed, it will arrive and the value would have been moved.
Another discussion that Silkjaer brings is related to digital currencies issued by central banks. Could they compete against XRP? Clearly, they are able to do so. The same as with stablecoins. Financial companies and firms would have to place their trust in a centralized authority that is the same institution that created the fiat currency that backs the central bank digital currency (CBDC).
To understand if a CBDC is a better fit for financial companies, it is important to take into account the liquidity of a specific corridor, and whether it is a better fiat than XRP for this specific transaction.
The author of the article debates a very controversial topic. Is XRP a real cryptocurrency? There are individuals that claim that XRP is not a cryptocurrency. But it is important to understand what digital currencies are. Silkjaer provides the reader with three different definitions from the Oxford Dictionary, from Merriam-Webster and from Wikipedia.
He summarises the three definitions in the fact that they need encryption techniques to verify transactions, a decentralized system and no central issuing or regulating authority. As the author of the article believes, these apply to XRP.
He explains that the misconception regarding this issue is related to the fact that XRP does not use Proof-of-Work (PoW) or Proof-of-Stake (PoS) as a consensus algorithm. The XRP uses a consensus mechanism and participants have no rewards for being part of this network.
Is XRP decentralized? This is another controversial topic that the crypto market tends to evaluate and discuss. PoW and PoS rely on the calculation of hashes in order to verify transactions and unlock rewards for miners and stakers.
Ripple is based on Consensus, which is different than PoW and PoS. Consensus eliminates the risk of double spending on the network that PoS and PoW could eventually experience in the case of a 51% attack. Moreover, Ripple has different validators that work around the world and Ripple Labs accounts only for 4 percent of the total number of validators in the network.
Furthermore, the Consensus mechanism makes forks easily possible. There are several participating nodes which trust a different number of validators each. As Silkjaer explains, the first part of the Consensus is agreeing which transactions include in the upcoming ledger. The second part of the Consensus is validation.
Validators validate transactions independently. This results in an identifying hash of the ledger. The hash is then used to compare the results amongst the validators, and after consensus is met, the “winning” version of the ledger will be used.
One of the misconceptions that the community has about XRP is related to the fees that they have to pay to perform a transaction. In this case, using the XRP ledger includes a fee. Larger fees would allow transactions to be processed faster by validators.
However, the fee paid by users is not returned to a central authority, but instead, it is burned, making XRP a deflationary currency. When creating an account on the XRP ledger it is necessary to have a small “reserve.” The fees and reserves were created to avoid spam and malicious attacks. At the moment, the base reserve is 20 XRP.
Another controversial topic is related to who created XRP. The author of the article mentions that in 2004, a developer named Ryan Fugger developed a payment protocol and decentralized platform called Ripplepay.
Later in 2020, Arthur Britto, Jed McCaleb and David Schwartz started working on the XRP ledger in order to eliminate the risks of 51% attack that Bitcoin could eventually experience.
In 2020, Chris Larsen joined the team and Fugger decided to start a new company known as OpenCoin. Until 2020 they gathered $9 million and they created the Ripple Labs company making the source code public.
The founders of the company decided to donate XRP to the company (OpenCoin at that time) and they also kept some funds for themselves.
About Ripple issuing XRP, he commented:
“Whether Ripple issued XRP is at best a blur. The XRP ledger was developed before the company was formed, but the founders of the company were also the people who developed the ledger.”
There are some individuals that believe that Ripple can print more XRP. However, there are no current methods for this to happen. It is not possible to create more XRPs. As the network is “decentalized,” as explained before by Silkjaer, to create more XRP it is necessary for the whole network to approve a major code change.
Ripple controls around 60% of the total XRP supply and it works as part of its revenue model. However, the company cannot access to large amounts of XRP. These funds are locked in escrow and the company can release just 1 billion every single month. The intention is to avoid flooding the market and other further problems. Thus, they sell the XRP coins on OTC or institutional investors.
Ripple sells XRP in order to sustain its business, but once the funds end, they will not have any revenue from the XRP cryptocurrency. Nevertheless, as Ripple’s software is “likely” subscription based (which details about the new RippleNet Home release), onboarding clients will be providing a continues revenue stream.
There are many other things that users believe incorrectly about Ripple. However, XRP has proven to be useful for many companies around the world and individuals that want to process cross-border transactions in an easy way. One of the firms that is implementing Ripple’s technology is BeeTech Global, a company located in Brazil and that allows customers to process payments around the world in a fast and cheap way.
What the World Looks Like For Ripple in 2020: XRP Expectations?
While it has divided members of the crypto community ever since it emerged on the scene, Ripple has remained entrenched as a strong performing payment solution for financial institutions, while also being one of the top 5 cryptocurrencies on the scene with XRP. This is particularly impressive considering that it was one of the cryptocurrencies which bore the brunt of the long bearish trend which epitomized the year of 2020.
Even with these setbacks in mind, investors put a lot of emphasis and faith into Ripple as a competitor to the top contenders within the crypto space, but even with these high hopes, the future remains a challenging thing to predict, as there are a lot of factors that we, as traders need to take into consideration.
Some of the questions that need to be asked is what exactly is going to drive the growth of Ripple over the course of this year? And is it at all possible for XRP to break past the $10 mark, let alone the $5 or $1 price margins over this year?
The best first step, when it comes to these questions, is the take a look at the technical and financial elements.
Is Ripple Still a Powerful Force?
The underlying purpose of Ripple in its conception is to provide a more effective and rapid system of completing remittances and cross border payments in a way which proves to be far faster than the institutional system of ‘Nostro Accounts’.
For Ripple, and its products such as xRapid, cross border payments are made by using XRP tokens, of which the majority are held by the developer itself. These tokens are used as a medium of transaction internationally, with users converting fiat currency into this crypto in order to be rapidly exchanged overseas.
How fast is this compared to the ‘current’ system of international transactions? Ripple’s own financial system takes roughly four seconds.
With this in mind, why exactly is it that Ripple proves to be so technically advanced when compared to other crypto assets that are on the market? This is mainly due to the fact that the commission on Ripple exchanges is far lower than its competitors, especially when performed through major banking institutions ($0.00001).
It is because of this attribute that it proves far more capable, and successful in gaining traction over time, especially as scalability and congestion impact on Ethereum, and sluggish transaction speeds hamper Bitcoin.
Bottom line – Banks like fast, Banks like cheap, so with Ripple and xRapid, they manage to get both as a solution to a time consuming and an expensive old system of cross border payment solutions.
Some of the advantages that Ripple manages to boast include:
- Rapid transaction system which takes approximately 4 seconds.
- Far more resilient to issues with network downtime, as well as resistance in the face of cyber-attack.
- Remarkably low transaction fees, especially in comparison with its counterparts.
- Ripple allows for the exchange of any kind of fiat currency or real-world asset (Commodities such as Oil and/or Gold) with a uniform range of commissions.
- The underlying blockchain is controlled and managed by Ripple Labs, which gives XRP and Ripple a greater degree of legitimacy in the eyes of institutions, including major multinational banks, such as Union Credit, UBS, Santander and many more.
The State of Ripple – Its Price Forecast Over 2020 in Technical Terms
There are a wide range of websites and exchanges which boast analysts and crypto personalities that offer some kind of predictions when it comes to the world of Ripple. For these people and predictions, they base them off technical analyses of forecasting charts, the price performance of XRP over time, and the underlying trends which can come to profoundly influence the market.
So with all of these potential metrics to call upon, is there a general consensus?
One thing that they appear to come to the same conclusion on is that the value of XRP will not be rising above the $1 mark for the foreseeable future. An example of this includes a forecast from Wallet Investor which, over 2020, argues that XRP will reach a ceiling $.05 but will not rise higher.
In comparison, DigitalCoin believes that XRP’s high price point will reach $0.62 by the final quarter of 2020. While this is something that . is agreed upon by a number of financial forecasts and analysts, there are websites out there that . provide a far more optimistic view of XRP. Examples of this include Express.co.uk and FXStreet, both of which believe that XRP will reach high points of $3-5 over the course of 2020.
So with a wide range of forecasts being provided by investors in the crypto space, who are users supposed to believe in this situation? And why exactly is there such a disparity between subjective and more unbiased forecasts?
Practical application of these forecasts often demonstrates that basing a strategy on any of them wholeheartedly doesn’t work out well. As a result of this, users should ensure that they take the metaphorical helm of their investments, making use of a range of analytics as well as personal knowledge and experience.
So, What Do Experts Say About the Matter?
One of the things that really spiked the ambitions of speculators and investors over the course of 2020 was the introduction of the new xRapid system (which is now rebranded to ODL or On-Demand Liquidity). It was so well recieved and generally anticipated that investors honestly believed that XRP could surge upward to $500 with its release.
While this breakout was hoped for, the great breakout never came to fruition for XRP and its supporters – XRP, like many others, was kept in value-based check due to the dramatic bearish downturn which enveloped the crypto market in its entirety.
Regardless of the bearish downtrend, the CEO of Ripple, Brad Garlinghouse made it clear of his optimism regarding xRapid during one of his interviews:
“I’ve publicly stated that by the end of this year I have confidence that major banks will use xRapid as a liquidity tool, this calendar year. By the end of next year , I would certainly hope we would see in the order of magnitude of dozens.”
There are a number of experts out there that certainly share these sentiments, believing that Ripple has some serious potential. They come out with the following opinions:
|Pinnacle Brilliance Systems: Roman Guelfi-Gibbs||“Ripple has more potential to make a jump in 2020. As the market implement more projects based on Ripple, it will outperform Ethereum. In 2020, it was too early for Ripple to reign, now is the right time.”|
|Shidan Gouran (Global Blockchain Technologies):||“Ripple wasn’t likely to outperform Bitcoin and Ethereum due to three reasons. First, is its low market cap. Second, Ripple isn’t suited for everyday purchases. Thirdly, Ripple isn’t bought with fiat money – ETH or BTC is required for that. Thus, the demand for ETH and BTC will only continue growing.”|
|John-Paul McCaffrey (Long Island University):||“Even though there’s no fiat exchange for Ripple, that might change soon.”|
|Samson Williams ( SeedUps):||“Ripple is the product of banks, and we will witness its bump after the 2020 recession.”|
While these are optimistic about the potential of Ripple, with each of them believing that the chain has the ability to truly take the market by storm. But each of these experts stop short of providing a precise prediction when it comes to price.
What is Going to Drive Ripple’s Growth in 2020?
What is it that really demonstrates the kind of success that Ripple has undergone since it begun? The best answer to this is the fact that the number of exchanges that insist on listing it acts to demonstrate this.
It was only recently that Ripple was under accusations of paying its way onto the Coinbase marketplace, with representatives from Ripple Labs categorically denying the fact. 2020 was a busy enough year for XRP, as it managed to surge forward by 200 percent, thanks in large part to the collective efforts of both creators on the platform as well as its dedicated community.
So with 2020 coming to an end and 2020 around the corner, what is the likelihood of this surge happening here? And what exactly will help to boost the price of Ripple over this time?
- Compared to any of the years that have preceded the world of cryptocurrency, 2020 is poised to be a truly watershed year for mass adoption. Ripple CEO, Brad Garlinghouse has argued that this mass adoption wave will provide the conditions for a profound upswing for the crypto asset market, with the number of exchanges that currently host XRP looking set to increase over time.BitTrue, for example, was one of the more recent crypto exchanges that have since added Ripple to its market. Along with Bitrue, Kraken has since announced the trading pair of XRP and Bitcoin Cash (BCH). With new trading pairs making for some good news for its ecosystem as a whole.
- There’s a growing level of interest from banks and financial institutions. And it’s this interest that serves as a powerful driving force for Ripple and its future success. There are an increasing number of banks based in Japan that are interested in working with Ripple in the future, and the attention that it is getting thanks to the effectiveness of xRapid will continue to grow. This snowballing rate of interest is likely to push XRP’s value upwards.
- Along with this growing level of interest, Ripple is obtaining a far greater amount of trust. According to a number of surveys from late 2020 demonstrates that traders have little in the way of doubt that XRP has all the potential to provide major returns to investors over the course of 2020.Even with a market cap which is far smaller than its more influential rivals such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, Ripple is more likely, and better placed to deliver some spectacular returns over this year, largely because of its real use case as well as growing popularity based on this real-world applications.
- There are a far greater number of partnerships which are just around the corner for Ripple. And this interest in collaborating with Ripple isn’t just coming from international banks and financial institutions. R3 and its Corda Network intend to partner up with Ripple and make use of XRP for its Network.In total, this brings the total number of partnerships that Ripple has secured up to a grand total of over 280. And among these, there are a number of central banks that can be included in this list. SBI Holdings, which also seeks to collaborate with Ripple, as it intends to truly revolutionize the Japanese financial world over the next five years, with Ripple intending to be a major keystone in this.
Forging the RippleNet – PNG Bank Jumps Into Blockchain and Ripple
Ranked among the top ten in the banking world within the United States, PNC Bank has officially joined RippleNet. As a result of this, customers of the bank will have the ability to make use of real-time international payments thanks to Ripple’s proprietary system.
- Coming from the world of global remittances, Western Union has a particular interest in collaborating with and working in conjunction with Ripple. In doing so, this would help to drastically cut down the cost that comes with the current process of international payments and remittances.
- The diverse and increasingly evolving market of the Middle East is one that Ripple is taking a particular interest in. Among these regions, it has its sights set on the . matured and booming markets of Dubai and regions nearby and on the prosperous Gulf Coast. It’s within this region that there is a particularly ravenous demand for international payments and remittances, and Ripple is the brand that is in the best position to provide this to these regions. It has a particular niche in the market taken care of for these nations to truly benefit from.
- With a new range of products coming to the market under the broad name – RippleNet (and the new RippleNet Home), has gained a great deal of press from interested parties. These include products such as xRapid, xVia, as well as xCurrent and the InterLedger Protocol. Each of these products will allow Ripple to really put itself above and beyond any other kind of product that is out there.
There are certainly a large number of elements that will see to the continued growth of XRP over the course of 2020. With all of these factors in mind, it’s a matter of when as opposed to if on the subject of XRP’s economic growth. For as long as these plans and goals are being fulfilled in the eyes of its partners and investors, Ripple will be able to really build up momentum and begin a thunderous upward pace.
In summary, Ripple may not be winning too many supporters if they were to judge it on just how decentralized it is, or how much anonymity it provides to its users. It balances this out with an ever-growing number of institutional support and stability, including the ever-growing interest of big market players. Is there enough driving force there to substantiate its growth.
Is There an Estimation on How Much XRP Will be Worth by the end of 2020?
Along with the amount of interest that Ripple has generated among institutional investors and financial companies, there has been a greater level of speculation placed on the price that Ripple would be able to meet by the end of 2020.
There are those that go so far as to claim that XRP will be able to hit the $100 margin, if not even breaching the $500 mark in the near future of 2020, but that remains empty speculation as of yet. And there has already been more than enough discussion about the real prospects that sit just behind the real possibilities that will allow for the growth of XRP.
And while there is every hope that XRP will be able to soar beyond its humble beginnings, even breaching the $5-10 marker will be a difficult feat for XRP.
The Short Term Perspective
Over the last few months, we’ve seen the creation of two falling wedges, both of which have acted as starting points for a series of breakouts which happened shortly thereafter. The first one took approximately 260 days, and allowed for a dramatic rise of 192 percent in the underlying value of XRP; taking it from $0.26 to $0.86.
The second is currently ongoing, and has spanned a total of 150 days so far, and we can expect a breakout to take shape any time soon. For the moment, the price of Ripple has been moving sideways. Should a breakout take shape for XRP, we can either expect it to reach $0.57 or even $0.80.
While there has been a great deal of work done to truly refine and improve the performance for XRP and Ripple overall, we cannot understate the impact that the crypto market has on digital assets as a whole.
Ripple, in spite of its continued improvements, has kept a relatively static market cap of $12 billion, and with the majority of its XRP being held by the company in question, even if there was a breach in the upper supports for its value, investors cannot capitalize on this in a major way, as would be possible from other cryptos.
Can and Will Ripple be Able to Reach $10 in 2020?
There are a number of experts out there that Ripple would be able to break through the resistance levels of $.40 to $.50 which have held Ripple in a price stasis for some time. This would allow XRP to break this formerly price-oriented circle and allow it to push up to $1.
But while it’s expected that this will happen, is it something that we can expect over the course of the first quarters of 2020? These same analysts believe that it can breach these resistance points, but not by Q1 – there are few if any factors that would substantiate that kind of claim.
While this is the unfortunate reality that optimistic types will have to concede to. Once there is a greater influx of institutional investment within the Ripple ecosystem, things and fortunes may very well change for the better. Should this happen, we can expect the underlying value of XRP to reach:
- Around $1-2 during Q2 2020
- Around $3-5 during Q3 2020
- Around $5-10 during Q4 2020 (it’s an ideal scenario)
What’s Stopping Ripple From Developing Further?
We can easily list off the kinds of advantages that come with the application of Ripple. But with that said, it isn’t at a loss when it comes to disadvantages that it needs to work on redressing. Here are some of the things that may very well put off investors when it comes to Ripple:
- Ripple is a currency with a lot of centralization involved in it. It is controlled by Ripple Labs predominantly. And with approximately 61 percent of XRP’s existing volume being held by the company in question. The end result of this is that it damages the potential liquidity, with traders often taking the time to accuse Ripple of altering the market.
- At this moment in time, Ripple can’t be purchased with fiat currency at this moment in time. Traders instead, can only exchange it for another kind of cryptocurrency, with these same alternative cryptocurrencies benefiting from this factor.
- Ripple is taking a lot of time to focus itself in on institutional finance and banks. As a result, it can’t be directly used in order to conduct online purchases on an individual basis, losing it a great deal of flexibility. This lack of versatility is something that will not help if Ripple intends to compete with cryptocurrencies that are fighting to get into the hands of individual buyers and sellers.
- At this moment in time – the cryptocurrency market is undergoing a cooling off period. And along with this, the days in which companies can raise an immense amount of money from barely substantiated ICOs and white papers have eroded into the past. As a result, we’re seeing far more skepticism from a market that has woken up from an incredibly hyped bullish trend. Traders are making more informed decisions, and are not going to stomach high risks with the promise of higher yields anymore.
At this moment in time, the cryptocurrency market needs to undergo a major overhaul, in order to really push XRP out of its lower value circle that it currently resides in.
The Bottom Line is This
Ripplers will stay rippling. The XRP army and global Ripple community are easily one of the biggest to represent a common cause of making global payments easy. From the hardcore crypto twitter crowd support of XRP to the company’s University Blockchain Research Initiative (UBRI), Ripple’s bottom line is bullish as ever for 2020 and beyond.
If any and / or all of these various predictions on the price of XRP do come true, then we may very well see Ripple break past the lower $0.25 resistance level, and maybe even beat the previous high mark price record of $3.65. This seems to be the most likely situation once Ripple managed to fully implement On-Demand Liquidity (xRapid) over the course of this year.
However, we did not focus on the XRP price or Ripple coin exchange rate value today, instead this was learning about Ripple, the company, and XRP, the cryptocurrency; and what they represent individually, collectivley and as a big part of the emerging bitcoin-led ecosystem of digital assets and virtual currencies.
I’m Aziz, a seasoned cryptocurrency trader who’s really passionate about 2 things; #1) the awesome-revolutionary blockchain technology underlying crypto and #2) helping make bitcoin great ‘again’!
What Is Ripple (XRP)? | A Complete Guide to the Banking Cryptocurrency
The Ripple coin (XRP) is a currency option on the Ripple network. It can be used by banks to source liquidity on demand in real time, and by payment providers to expand reach into new markets, provide faster payment settlements and lower foreign exchange costs.
Ripple is a privately held, cash flow positive company that aims to create and enable a global network of financial institutions and banks to use the Ripple software to lower the cost of international payments.
All cryptocurrency investments have inherent risk. Ripple’s success is ultimately tied to the number of partners on the Ripple network (which has been growing steadily over the past year), how many people use Ripple’s products, and how effective XRP is.
What Is Ripple?
Ripple is a privately held company that aims to create and enable a global network of financial institutions and banks. It does so by using the RippleNet blockchain software to lower the cost of international payments. Ripple calls the global network using this software the “Internet of Value.”
If you’re confused about Ripple (XRP), don’t worry.
The term Ripple is often used to describe the digital currency XRP, the open payment network on which that currency is transferred, as well as the holding company behind the whole project.
The XRP ledger is an open-source product created by Ripple . It was created to solve a major point of friction in international payments, pre-funding of nostro/vostro accounts. Banks can use XRP to source liquidity in real time. Payment providers can also use it to expand reach into new markets, provide faster payment settlements, and lower foreign exchange costs.
Ripple is essentially taking a stand against what they call “walled gardens” of financial networks consisting of banks, credit cards, and other institutions such as PayPal. These organizations tend to restrict the flow of money with fees, currency exchange charges, and processing delays.
In this guide, we’ll walk you through:
When you think about it, the state of the global payments industry is weirdly behind.
We can stream and download entire artist discographies on our phone in the middle of a forest. Yet, sending a few digits of currency to your grandma in Japan (if you don’t have a grandma in Japan, use your imagination) requires fees and processing time.
The technology for easy global payments already exists. So why is the global payments industry so far behind?
Well, it wouldn’t be a stretch to assume that the financial institutions collectively making trillions of dollars on payment fees aren’t racing to innovate a system that puts money in their pockets.
The financial industry also tends to keep pertinent information shrouded in complicated financial jargon tripping up the average person. Words such as “collateralized debt obligations” and “quantitative easing” have established the financial realm in an esoteric curtain.
However, instead of taking a “burn it to the ground” approach that many cryptocurrency ideologists have adopted, Ripple aims to work with the current financial world.
The equivalent of roughly $155 trillion dollars moves across borders every year. For the sake of example, let’s assume that everyone uses PayPal, which charges a 2.9% fee for each transaction. This means that about $4,495,000,000 ($4.495 trillion) of global payments goes straight to Paypal (or another institution). To add insult to injury, these payments usually take days to process.
How Does Ripple Work?
So, the opportunity for something like Ripple to shake things up is there.
You’re skeptical. We get it. There are dozens of starry-eyed altcoins saying “If we could only grab X% of this (insert incomprehensibly large, extremely competitive, and generally unattainable market), we’d be a dominant player in the industry.”
Ripple was initially launched in 2020. The thing is, it’s already a revenue-producing company with over 100 financial institutions on its blockchain network including Standard Chartered Bank, Westpac, Banco Santander, and BBVA.
A Short List of Ripple’s Customers
In order to understand how Ripple functions, it’s useful to know about the RTGS and RTXP (we’ll make sense of these jumbled letters soon).
When you send money via Bitcoin, the value is settled in real-time (not counting any Bitcoin delays). That’s what we mean by Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS).
Ripple uses gateways, which are best described as something similar to a global ledger made up of private blockchains. A gateway is essentially a digital portal that governments, companies, and financial institutions use to join the network. This mechanism is called the Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTXP), also known as RippleNet . This is the project’s pride and joy.
Once another government, company, or financial institution joins RippleNet, it can transact with other gateways at a much faster speed and a fraction of the cost. RippleNet also makes it possible to receive payments from any fiat (ex. USD, EUR,) or cryptocurrency (ex. BTC, ETH).
Ripple essentially made something for any type of entity that regularly moves large amounts of money across borders. For example, companies such as Apple and Amazon are already spending billions across borders.
It’s important to note that RippleNet also functions as a currency exchange between all types of fiat money. However, in order to do do this, it has to be able to guarantee liquidity. That’s where XRP comes in. XRP is the digital asset that provides source liquidity to payment providers, market makers, and banks.
Three Distinct Products
Although people commonly refer to Ripple as one platform, it actually consists of three different products: xCurrent, xVia, and xRapid.
xCurrent is the platform’s primary product. When you hear about a bank partnering with Ripple, more likely than not, this is what they’re using. xCurrent does not require XRP.
xVia is the project’s most recent product. It’s a payments interface and suite of APIs. Like xCurrent, xVia doesn’t use XRP.
xRapid is the only product that uses XRP. Simply put, this product is a liquidity solution.
While the network’s infrastructure makes sense for large corporations, it doesn’t lend much to the average consumer. RippleNet doesn’t provide the average person much of a benefit. So, Ripple likely isn’t going to change how you personally receive and send money anytime soon, but it is looking to revolutionize how money moves around the world on a larger scale.
Ripple transaction times are significantly less than competitors.
Ripple has shown that is can handle a tremendous amount of transactions per second, even when compared to its fellow cryptocurrency Bitcoin. BTC handles about 15 transactions per second , whereas the XRP ledger can handle more than 1500 transactions per second .
Ripple’s Supply Structure
A key element to know about Ripple (XRP) is the sheer amount of XRP in existence. All XRP has already been created with a total supply of 100 billion. There are currently over 41 billion XRP tokens in circulation, with the rest held by Ripple Labs.
In an announcement in May 2020, Ripple stated its plans to release 55 billion of its XRP in escrow to ensure the certainty of the total XRP supply.
Ripple is Kind of Centralized
Given the fact that Ripple Labs held around 80 billion XRP tokens at one point, it’s not a far reach to say that Ripple is centralized, or at least more so than the majority of other cryptocurrencies.
However, Brad Garlinghouse (CEO and Founder of Ripple), views it differently.
Garlinghouse stated that “Ripple is not centralized. To be clear, if Ripple disappeared today XRP would continue to function. To me, that’s the most important measure of whether something is decentralized.”
He then went out to point out some of the facts that supported that the network is, in fact, decentralized.
In May 2020, Ripple released their decentralization strategy. They announced the plans to diversify the validators on the XRP ledger and expanded them to 55 validator nodes in July 2020. The team also shared plans to add third-party validating nodes, while removing one Ripple-operated validating node for every two third-party nodes, until there is no single entity that operates a majority of the trusted nodes on the XRP ledger.
Ripple currently has 26 unique default validating nodes. Ripple only operates seven of those, meaning that 73 percent are under the control of outside parties. This push towards more third-party validating nodes shows that the Ripple team is making an effort to make the network more decentralized.
Because of this, a more accurate way to describe whether or not Ripple is centralized or not is that it’s a weird mix of both. You’ve got this holding company that has more than half the tokens. But, they have plans to release the rest, which is likely prioritizing the acquisition and onboarding of new partners on RippleNet. At one point, Ripple controlled the majority of the validating nodes, but that also has changed.
Being centralized isn’t necessarily a bad thing, but it does dissuade many “decentralized” ideologists within the cryptocurrency community.
Ripple’s primary competitor is Stellar. In fact, Stellar founder Jed McCaleb was also a co-founder of Ripple but left the company in 2020 due to disagreements with the rest of the leadership team.
Both projects specialize in cross-border payments and have a similar architecture. However, the Stellar Foundation is a non-profit while Ripple is a for-profit company. The overall mission of each project differs quite a bit as well. While Ripple is focused on helping giant banking institutions, Stellar is aligning themselves with the little guy in an attempt to bring banking the unbanked.
Where Can You Buy and Store XRP?
You can buy Ripple at many of the most popular cryptocurrency exchanges such as Bittrex, Kraken, and Binance. You could also any brokerage platforms such as Changelly.
If you want to hold XRP for the long term, we recommend using a hardware wallet such as the Ledger Nano S or one that supports XRP.
Hard wallets are generally much safer because they’re offline and have better security than exchange and other online wallets. However, they aren’t ideal for someone trading frequently.
Should You Invest in XRP?
Well, that’s entirely up to you.
XRP has a storied trading history riddled with a few notable price movements. From 2020 to the start of 2020, XRP was a relatively uninteresting token to watch. It had one exceptional price jump at the end of 2020 in which it leaped 500 percent in one month. As there was no significant news surrounding this move, some community members believed that it was an artificial pump.
XRP began its explosive growth in March 2020, seemingly after a press release that ten more financial institutions, including BBVA, had joined Ripple. It wasn’t until the 2020/early-2020 bull market that XRP hit its all-time USD and BTC price high. In early January 2020, the coin reached over $3.80 (
Now, you can grab some XRP for just under $0.33 (
Things to Consider
Ripple’s success is ultimately dependent on the number of partners on RippleNet (which has been growing steadily over the past year), how many people use Ripple’s products, and how effective XRP is.
Ripple seems to be doing well on those fronts, however, it’s important to note the sheer supply of XRP on the market (a total supply of 100 billion). As if that wasn’t a hard pill to swallow for investors, Ripple currently holds around 59 billion XRP (
59% of the total supply). This means they can technically inject massive amounts of their XRP into the market to control the price and keep it generally low.
However, beyond the investment metrics, it’s important to really understand the position Ripple (XRP) is in.
- Do you recognize the opportunity Ripple may or may not have in front of them?
- Do you think the Ripple team can pull it off?
- What is the Ripple team doing every quarter to meet their goals?
You can also find more insights directly from the Founder and CEO of Ripple, Brad Garlinghouse, in a Quora Session. He talks about everything from whether you should invest in XRP and how Ripple could revolutionize finance.
So, whether you choose to invest in Ripple (XRP) or not, it’s worth watching as blockchain adoption increases. Ripple is one of the very few legitimate viable competitors to the old guard financial system, and it could play a major role in how money moves around the planet.
As far as any practical applications for use by the average person of an XRP token, there aren’t many. However, when you view Ripple (XRP) through the lens of the global payments industry, it’s a traditional high-tech David vs. the established Goliath.
Editor’s Note: This article was updated by Steven Buchko on 1.15.19 to reflect the recent changes of the project.
What is XRP? Your simple guide to Ripple’s cryptocurrency
Find out more about the world’s third-biggest cryptocurrency here – including its price history and predictions for the future.
Bitcoin is the world’s largest cryptocurrency, with Ether in second place. But here’s the question. Can you name any of the other 5,100 coins out there – or explain what they do? This article is about XRP, the third biggest digital currency in terms of market capitalisation. If you’re wondering what XRP is, and where it fits into the increasingly fragmented crypto landscape, you’ve come to the right place.
What is XRP?
XRP is a cryptocurrency that was devised by Ripple. The company describes it as a “digital asset built for global payments”. To cut a long story short, it’s fair to say that Ripple has its sights set on the international transfer market. At present, it can often be really expensive to send money around the world, and banks charge astronomical fees. To add insult to injury, outdated systems can also mean payments take several days to reach the recipient’s bank account.
The Ripple coin (XRP) is designed to tackle this by allowing large sums of money to be sent securely and quickly at little cost. This doesn’t just have the potential to help everyday consumers – financial institutions themselves are also keen to get in on the action. As a result, it’s telling that Ripple has already attracted an impressive list of banks and payment providers who use its network – including American Express, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, HSBC, Barclays, Royal Bank of Scotland, Santander, Unicredit and MoneyGram.
According to the team behind the Ripple cryptocurrency, XRP also offers compelling advantages over other established digital currencies. Whereas it can take more than an hour for BTC transactions to clear – and about two minutes for an ETH payment to be successfully completed – Ripple claims XRP payments are cleared in under four seconds. For crypto advocates concerned about scalability issues – mainly that blockchain networks will be unable to cope with a considerable rise in demand – this has amounted to a breath of fresh air.
How does Ripple work?
First, it’s worth drawing a distinction between Ripple and XRP. Ripple is the technology company offering the infrastructure to facilitate these faster payments. It describes XRP as an “independent digital asset” – insisting that, though the coin is used in its suite of products, it doesn’t have control over the technology. The Ripple currency has a maximum supply of 100 billion tokens and the company owns about 60 per cent of them.
Rather confusingly, Ripple isn’t involved in physically sending money from one place to another. Instead, it allows for the transfer of the promise of payment. I feel an example coming on, don’t you?
Let’s imagine that Katie lives in London and her friend David lives in France. She owes him money for a holiday they’re taking. Both of them want to avoid punishing exchange rates and delays. As a payment platform, Ripple can be compared to the ancient hawala system of money transfer in the Arab world.
Here’s effectively how Ripple works. Katie goes to a London agent with $2,000 and hands the cash over. In return, the agent gives her a special code. Next, the London agent rings his counterpart in Paris, and tells him how much money he has received. While all of this is taking place, Katie rings David to tell him the special code that she was given. David can then go to the Paris agent, reveal the code, and get the cash.
It’s weird to think that a trusted system from medieval times could have its place in the crypto world but that’s essentially what Ripple and XRP deliver. The only difference is that validators and gateways take the place of agents – which is a lot harder to explain in a straightforward example.
As a coin, XRP serves as a neutral asset that can represent anything. Katie can convert her pounds into XRP, and David can take that XRP can convert it into euros. An even better example of its utility lies in currencies that aren’t commonly traded against each other. If you wanted to make a conversion from the Ugandan shilling to the Icelandic krona, you’d often have to change the shillings into dollars, and then the dollars into krona. Every step in this process attracts high levels of commission, gradually eroding the value of the funds being sent. The Ripple currency’s stated aim is to tackle this.
So… who created Ripple? Well, a man called Jeb McCaleb initially came up with the idea, and he enlisted developers who could bring it to life. Looking at Ripple history, the company began life back in 2020, when Bitcoin traded at about $12 or $13.
XRP price history
Given the fact there are so many XRP coins out there (100 billion – Bitcoin’s maximum supply is 21 million) it is understandable that this cryptocurrency’s valuation normally comes in cents rather than dollars. Like other digital assets, XRP hit an all-time high in early 2020 – reaching $3.84 on January 4 of that year.
Ever since then, the value of the Ripple cryptocurrency has continued to cool. At the time of writing, it was trading at just $0.24. Part of this slump might be Ripple’s own doing. As mentioned earlier, Ripple owns more than half of the supply of XRP – and most of it is in escrow. Every now and again, the company releases some of these tokens, a move that can suppress its value and has angered some investors.
Aside from that, what affects Ripple price? Well, good news about banks continuing to adopt the technology that underpins Ripple would help. Listings on big exchanges also help – and, as with other cryptocurrencies, it has enjoyed a healthy boost whenever it has been made available to a broader cross-section of consumers. Another cloud on the horizon that could send the price of XRP downwards are the rumblings of a rather unpleasant lawsuit.
Ripple has been accused of violating laws in the US, with regulators claiming that XRP is an unregistered security. To compound the problem, allegations have been swirling around of misleading advertising – and even that exchanges were paid to list XRP early on. The US Securities and Exchange Commission has successfully taken crypto projects to court in the past (often attracting punishing financial penalties), and this has often been followed by dramatic declines in a token’s valuation. Ripple has been unable to get the lawsuit dismissed so far, and it could result in massive headaches for the company if it continues to advance further.
But where will Ripple be in five years? How high can Ripple go? It’s difficult to know the answers to these questions – and usually, the fate of a major coin such as XRP is tied to how the crypto industry is performing as a whole. There is plenty of debate as to whether or not XRP will be able to surpass $1 again, let alone when. Ripple’s CEO Brad Garlinghouse maintains that the company is continuing to attract new clients – and says he is on a quest to rub shoulders with senior banking executives and show them “crypto isn’t a bad word”.
All eyes are currently on the price level of $0.30. Many analysts believe that breaking this level could result in runaway success in the short term and that it could provide an outlet to $0.50. This would require an increase of about 25 per cent on current levels, not an easy ask. Others in the crypto community are far more fatalistic and believe that the Ripple coin could decline to $0.02 over the course of 2020. Facebook managing to launch its Libra stablecoin, which is designed to deliver low-cost transfers between consumers worldwide, could also undermine Ripple’s position and gobble up precious market share in the retail market.
How to trade Ripple
Let’s wrap up our guide on the Ripple cryptocurrency with a look at where to trade Ripple and where to store Ripple.
XRP is available on most major exchanges and it can be stored in a wallet. Who accepts Ripple as payment? Being honest, there aren’t that many places out there that accept this coin for everyday purchases – primarily because that isn’t the main purpose of this cryptocurrency. Whereas Bitcoin and Ethereum are trying to go toe to toe with the US dollar and other fiat currencies, the Ripple coin is focused on a different segment of the market altogether.
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